Otherwise known as Iscamtho, tsotsi taal developed in cities and townships to facilitate communication between the different language groups. However, this is inaccurate, as Sepedi is just one of some 30 dialects of the Northern Sotho language, and the two are not interchangeable. English is spoken across all ethnic groups and offers a medium of interaction between the different languages and the non-citizens. Today English is the country’s lingua franca, and the primary language of government, business, and commerce. The 1976 schoolchildren’s uprising was sparked by the proposed imposition of Afrikaans in township schools. It is concentrated in the province of Limpopo, where 73.8% of Venda speakers live, or 16.7% of the provincial population. Afrikaans and English are the most popular foreign languages spoken in South Africa. South African English? It is the language of the Free State, which borders the kingdom of Lesotho, a country entirely surrounded by South African territory. There is also a significant group of Chinese South Africans, also largely English-speaking but who also retain their languages of origin as well. Estimates based on the 1991 census suggest that some 45% of the population have a speaking knowledge of English. It too is a tonal language, governed by the noun, which dominates the sentence. For example: “The old lady has been tuning me grief all avie, coz I bust her tjor going yooees with the okes in Bez Valley” would translate as: “My mother has been shouting at me all afternoon because I crashed her car doing U-turns with my friends in Bez Valley.”. (Image: Brand South Africa). What is the time signature of the song Atin Cu Pung Singsing? It is largely found in Mpumalanga, where 48.6% of its speakers are found, or 12.1% of the provincial population. It does not have the range of Zulu inflections, and tends to follow English word order. Sotho sa Leboa is the fourth most common language in South Africa, spoken as a home language by 9.4% of the population, or 4 208 974 people. Dialects Pai, Kutswe, and Pulana are more divergent and sometimes called ‘Eastern Sotho’. In 1825 he realised that he must use and write Tswana in his teachings, and began a long translation of the bible into Tswana, which was finally completed in 1857. Their language, Tsonga, is spoken by 4.5% of the national population, or 2 277 148 people. A founder member of the African National Congress, Plaatje was fluent in at least seven languages, and translated the works of Shakespeare into Tswana. And so on … Watch: The main languages … Sotho is the mother tongue of 7.6% of South Africans, while the remaining four official languages are spoken at home by less than 5% of the population each. South Africa’s second-largest language, Xhosa is spoken by 17.6% of all South Africans, or 7 907 149 people. It is the tongue of the Venda people, who are culturally closer to the Shona people of Zimbabwe than to any other South African group. Urban Zulu and Urban Sotho, which are the slang form of Zulu and Sotho, are also common languages spoken by the youths, All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, South African Animals — Animals Native to South Africa. Sotho sa Leboa, or Northern Sotho, is referred to as Sepedi in the Constitution. South African English, for example, is littered with words and phrases from Afrikaans, Zulu, Nama and other African languages. Its democratic Constitution, which came into effect on 4 February 1997, recognises 11 official languages, to which the state guarantees equal status. By subscribing you will receive continuous newsworthy information. In Mpumalanga 10.2% of the population speak Sotho sa Leboa, or 8.1% of all speakers of the language. The institutions in the country including schools used either English or Afrikaans as the official language leading to the popularity of the two foreign languages in the country. Brand South Africa and The Odd Number winners at the Loerie... World Record Jet Ski Attempt for Mandela Day. The most spoken languages in Gauteng are:â€¢ Zulu 17.8%â€¢ English 14.3%â€¢ Afrikaans 13.8%â€¢ Sotho 11.6%â€¢ Northern Sotho 10.6% Ano ang mga kasabihan sa sa aking kababata? Another third (30%) of English speakers live in Gauteng, where it is the language of 12.5% of the population, and 23.8% in the Western Cape, where it is spoken by 19.3% of the population. which came into effect on 4 February 1997, Cape Town comes out tops as the fittest city. According to the 2011 census, Zulu is the mother tongue of 22.7% of South Africa’s population, followed by Xhosa at 16%, Afrikaans at 13.5%, Sotho sa Leboa at 9.1%, English at 9.6% and Tswana at 8.0%. English is spoken across all ethnic groups and offers a medium of interaction between the different languages and the non-citizens. Dialects: Gealeka, Ndlambe, Gaika (Ncqika), Thembu, Bomvana, Mpondomse (Mpondomisi), Mpondo, Xesibe, Rhathabe, Bhaca, Cele, Hlubi, Mfengu. It is a regional language, with a third of its speakers living in the Eastern Cape, where it is the language of 83.4% of the provincial population. English- and Afrikaans-speaking people tend not to have much ability in indigenous languages, but are fairly fluent in each other’s language. Sotho is spoken by 64.4% of the Free State population, or 49% of all Sotho-speaking South Africans. It is also found in the Northern Cape, where it is spoken by 20.8% of the population, as well as in Gauteng (9.9%) and the Free State (6.8%). Similarly, KwaZulu-Natal is densely populated, so there are a great many isisZulu speakers in the province. In 1806 Heinrich Lictenstein wrote Upon the Language of the Beetjuana (as a British protectorate, Botswana was originally known as Bechuanaland). No jive, my friend, South Africa is a multilingual country. Home language to: 23.8% of the population (10 677 315 people), Linguistic lineage: Niger-Congo > Atlantic-Congo > Volta-Congo > Benue-Congo > Bantoid > Southern > Narrow Bantu > Central > S group > Nguni > isiZulu, Alternate and historical names: Zulu, Zunda, Home language to: 9.4% of the population (4 208 974 people), Linguistic lineage: Niger-Congo > Atlantic-Congo > Volta-Congo > Benue-Congo > Bantoid > Southern > Narrow Bantu > Central > S group > Sotho-Tswana > Sotho > Northern Sotho, Alternate and historical names: Pedi, Sepedi, Northern Sotho, Sesotho sa Leboa. Due attacks on foreigners in recent years, and the influence of major languages such as Zulu and English, Tshivenda and Ndebele are slowly dying out. While the Nguni group, for example, has four languages (Zulu, Xhosa, Swati and Ndebele), the Venda group has only one – Venda. There are a fair number of Xhosa speakers in the Free State, North West and Gauteng (respectively 9.1%, 5.8% and 7% of the provincial population), but it is not widely spoken in the other provinces. Ndebele is a minority language, spoken by only 1.6% of South Africa’s population, or 711 825 people. The Pan South African Language Board (Pansalb) investigated the matter and came to the conclusion that Sepedi was indeed a dialect of Sotho sa Leboa. Afrikaans is the third most popular language in South Africa. Afrikaans is the third most common language in South Africa. But why is this system of injury time not phased out?”. The Swazi people originated from the Pongola river valley in KwaZulu-Natal, migrating from there to Swaziland. Famous Xhosa South Africans include former President and Nobel Peace Prize laureate Nelson Mandela, and former President Thabo Mbeki. It’s also found in Gauteng, where nearly a quarter (24.3%) of Sotho sa Leboa speakers are to be found, making up 11.2% of the population. It’s the language of South Africa’s largest ethnic group, the Zulu people, who take their name from the chief who founded the royal line in the 16th century. All Rights Reserved. It’s also strong in the bordering Western Cape, where 13.6% of all Xhosa speakers live, making up nearly a quarter of the provincial population. By John Misachi on April 25 2017 in Society. Setswana Language. South Africa’s population diversity means all 11 languages have had a profound effect on each other. Tsotsi taal, an amalgam of Afrikaans, English and a number of African languages, is widely spoken in urban areas, mainly by males. Another 22.5% of Venda speakers live in Gauteng, where they make up 2.3% of the population. The language is understood by more than half of South Africans. Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? Ano ang pinakamaliit na kontinente sa mundo? Home language to: 2.7% of the population (1 194 433 people), Linguistic lineage: Niger-Congo > Atlantic-Congo > Volta-Congo > Benue-Congo > Bantoid > Southern > Narrow Bantu > Central > S group > Nguni > siSwati, Alternate and historical names: Swazi, Isiswazi, Swati, Tekela, Tekeza, Home language to: 2.4% of South Africans (1 209 388 people), Linguistic lineage: Niger-Congo > Atlantic-Congo > Volta-Congo > Benue-Congo > Bantoid > Southern > Narrow Bantu > Central > S group > Tshivenda Alternate and historical names: Venda, Chivenda, Dialects: Phani, Tavha-Tsindi, Ilafuri, Manda, Guvhu, Mbedzi, Lembetu, Linguistic lineage: Niger-Congo > Atlantic-Congo > Volta-Congo > Benue-Congo > Bantoid > Southern > Narrow Bantu > Central > S group > Tswa-Ronga > Xitsonga, Alternate and historical names: Tsonga, Shitsonga, Thonga, Tonga, Shangana, Shangaan. Who is the longest reigning WWE Champion of all time? Afrikaans and English are the most popular foreign languages spoken in South Africa. The Venda people first settled in the Soutpansberg Mountains region, where the ruins of their first capital, Dzata’s, can still be found. Sotho is another of South Africa’s three Sotho languages, spoken by 7.9% of the country’s population, or 3 555 192 people. Zulu is the most common language in South Africa, spoken by nearly 23% of the total population, or 10 677 315 people. Zulu is an extremely regional language, with 71.8% of its speakers to be found in KwaZulu-Natal, where it is the language of 80.9% of the provincial population.