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Cream Sherries make amazing dessert wines. There are only three things you need to remember that will appear on a Sherry label. You should choose the Sherry that sounds like the best mix for your tastes in wine. JEREZ, MANZANILLA Y VINAGRE DE JEREZ", "Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Andalucía (BOJA)", PLIEGO DE CONDICIONES DE LA DENOMINACIÓN DE ORIGEN «JEREZ-XÉRÈS-SHERRY», Boletín Oficial de la Junta de Andalucía (BOJA) Página núm. Of late, Sherry producers and marketers have been bottling their wines en rama, with only a light filtration, and often a selection of a favored barrel from a larger solera. There are three types of soil in the Jerez district for growing the grapes for Sherry:[20]. • Fino ('fine' in Spanish) is the driest and palest of the traditional varieties of Sherry. Another type, which is really just a lighter version of Fino is called Manzanilla. Today, sherry's official status is further recognized by wider EU legislation. The third type is another form of Manzanilla called Pasada which is just a Manzanilla that has either been aged for a significantly longer … Since the Solera barrels are constantly in use, the wine that comes from them is well aged and full of complex flavors and aromas. [17] Such wines are to be labelled as "Cream Sherry: Blend of Oloroso / Amontillado" or suchlike. Sherry is frequently mentioned in the novel Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy, and plays an important role in the narrative: The spy Jim Prideaux is alerted to the presence of a double agent within his division when Russian KGB agents are able to correctly identify the brand of sherry that was consumed during a secret meeting of MI6 personnel. DOPs. For example, in 'Rumpole and the Boat People': 'Dr MacClintock, the slow-speaking, Edinburgh-bred quack to whom my wife, Hilda turns in times of sickness, took a generous gulp of the sherry she always pours him when he visits our mansion flat, (It's lucky that all his N.H.S. These wines are fortified to about 15 per cent alcohol. Such sherries can be considerably more complex in flavour than the standard bottlings, and, according to many, are worth seeking out. Sherry is then aged in the solera system where new wine is put into wine barrels at the beginning of a series of three to nine barrels. Jerez-Xeres-Sherry and sharing the same governing council as D.O. London: Mitchell Beazley. By the end of the 16th century, sherry had a reputation in Europe as the world's finest wine. Previously, the fermentation and initial aging was done in wood; now it is almost exclusively done in stainless steel, with the exception of one or two high-end wines. One of the most popular types of Sherry is Fino, meaning ‘fine’. Fino and Manzanilla are the most fragile types of Sherry and should usually be drunk soon after opening in the same way as unfortified wines. They do not develop flor and so oxidise slightly as they age, giving them a darker colour. Among the spoils Drake brought back after destroying the fleet were 2,900 barrels of sherry that had been waiting to be loaded aboard Spanish ships. Sherry is historically known to be a very dry wine, although there are deliciously sweet versions on the market today. In 966, Al-Hakam II, the second Caliph of Córdoba, ordered the destruction of the vineyards, but the inhabitants of Jerez appealed on the grounds that the vineyards also produced raisins to feed the empire's soldiers, and the Caliph spared two-thirds of the vineyards. a double stroke indicates a wine which will be allowed to develop further before determining whether to use the wine for Amontillado or Oloroso. Once bottled, sherry does not generally benefit from further aging and may be consumed immediately, though the sherries that have been aged oxidatively may be stored for years without noticeable loss in flavour. Similar to Fino, Manzanilla uses all the same techniques and aging methods. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the type of sherry crossword clue. The thing which makes Sherry so unique is the aging barrel, called a Solera. What are the types of sherry available? In 1894 the Jerez region was devastated by the insect phylloxera. The albariza soil is the best for growing the Palomino grape, and by law 40 percent of the grapes making up a sherry must come from albariza soil. Plus recipes for Sherry cocktails. patients aren't so generous or the sick of Gloucester Road would be tended by a reeling medico, yellow about the gills and sloshed on amontillado.)'. Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. Contrary to what most people think, these sherry-seasoned casks are specifically prepared for the whisky industry, they are not the same as the old (and largely inactive) butts used for the maturation of sherry.[26]. Thus, the age of the youngest wine going in the bottle is determined by the number of barrels in the series, and every bottle also contains some much older wine than is stated. 71 Sevilla, 12 de abril 2012 – The Andalusia Government Official Bulletin Number 71, Page 5, https://www.winespectator.com/articles/where-did-the-term-apera-which-has-replaced-the-term-for-sherry-made-in-canada-come-from-51122, https://www.spanish-fiestas.com/wine/sherry/, https://www.sherry.wine/sites/default/files/pliego_de_condiciones_de_la_do_jerez-xeres-sherry.pdf, http://www.sherrynotes.com/2015/background/vos-vors-sherry-age/, https://www.sherrynotes.com/2016/background/sherry-and-oak/, Sales and Service for the Wine Professional, Jerez-Xérès-Sherry and Manzanilla DOP official website, Website about sherry, with interactive timeline, sherry production process diagram, Royal Andalusian School of Equestrian Art, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sherry&oldid=990968027, Articles with Spanish-language sources (es), Articles containing Spanish-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Data for 2016 / 2017 for Jerez-Xérès-Sherry and Manzanilla S.B. Sherry is fortified with a spirit, usually a neutral Brandy or something similar, to give it a higher alcohol content and more intense flavors. Sweeter Sherry makes for great dessert wine to sip alone if you enjoy sweeter drinks. For other uses, see, DOP: Denominaciones de Origen Protegidas (, IGP: Indicaciones Geográficas Protegidas (. In Europe, "Sherry" has protected designation of origin status, and under Spanish law, all wine labelled as "Sherry" must legally come from the Sherry Triangle, an area in the province of Cádiz between Jerez de la Frontera, Sanlúcar de Barrameda, and El Puerto de Santa María. The average temperature across the year is approximately 18 °C (64 °F). This adds a unique tanginess to the wine and keeps out some of the earthier flavors that come from contact with oxygen during the aging. Manzanilla Sanlúcar de Barrameda.[4]. Whereas larger vineyards were replanted with resistant vines, most smaller producers were unable to fight the infestation and abandoned their vineyards entirely.[13]. As with other wines, Sherry should be stored in a cool, dark place. As These wines are fortified to about 15 per cent alcohol to allow the growth of flor. These are usually a dark brown cover because of their exposure to the oxygen in the aging tank. [28], Various types are often mixed with lemonade (and usually ice). Check out our guide to some of the different types of sherry, as well as recommendations on what to buy. The word sherry is an anglicisation of Xérès (Jerez). The word 'solera' means 'on the ground'; this refers to the stacking system that was, and sometimes still is, used, with the youngest barrels at the top and the oldest scale, also somewhat ambiguously called 'the solera', at the bottom. Many people like to pair Sherry with foods, so if you’re ordering it at a restaurant you can ask the wine-keeper which Sherries would be best with your choice of entre or appetizer. In 1264 Alfonso X of Castile took the city. Jerez has been a centre of viniculture since wine-making was introduced to Spain by the Phoenicians in 1100 BCE. [3] In 1933 the Jerez denominación de origen was the first Spanish denominación to be officially recognised in this way, officially named D.O. During the Moorish period, the town was called Sherish (a transliteration of the Arabic شريش), from which both Sherry and Jerez are derived. As a fortified wine, Sherry has a higher alcohol content than many other wines. Wine production continued through five centuries of Muslim rule. Sampling wine directly from a sherry butt may be performed with characteristic flourish by a venenciador, named after the special cup (the venencia) traditionally made of silver and fastened to a long whale whisker handle. Periodically, a portion of the wine in a barrel is moved into the next barrel down, using tools called the canoa (canoe) and rociador (sprinkler) to move the wine gently and avoid damaging the layer of flor in each barrel. At the end of the series only a portion of the final barrel is bottled and sold. On 12 April 2012, the rules applicable to the sweet and fortified Denominations of Origen Montilla-Moriles and Jerez-Xérès-Sherry Early in the film Diamonds Are Forever, James Bond samples a glass of sherry and, despite M's protest that sherry has no vintage year, he correctly guesses the vintage of the base wine: "1851. Spanish producers have registered the names Jerez / Xérès / Sherry and will prosecute producers of similar fortified wines from other places using the same name. This is a wine with a long history and a legacy that includes being fortified to withstand voyages at sea. [23] A large solera system may consist of scales that require more than one barrel to hold. Sherry is a wine made in the far south of Spain. [25], Sherry-seasoned casks are sold to the Scotch whisky industry for use in aging whisky. These are not like normal barrels that are filled and emptied after a certain number of years. Sweet dessert wines are also made from Pedro Ximénez or Moscatel grapes, and are sometimes blended with Palomino-based sherries. As the barrels age, the oldest ones are partially drained and bottled, with new wine being added to the aged wine and left again to age further. Christopher Columbus brought sherry on his voyage to the New World and when Ferdinand Magellan prepared to sail around the world in 1519, he spent more on sherry than on weapons. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. This process is called "running the scales" because each barrel in the series is called a scale. 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